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References and Bibliography for The Lupus Encyclopedia

REFERENCES

Resources, books, medical journal articles used for The Lupus Encyclopedia:

NOTE : New references used in the second edition (expected publishing date 2021) appear in bold-type font.

General

Aringer M, Burkhardt H, Burmester GR, Fischer-Betz R, Fleck M, et al. Current state of evidence on “off-label” therapeutic options for systemic lupus erythematosus, including biological immunosuppressive agents, in Germany, Austria and Switzerland—a consensus report. Lupus. April 2012;21(4):386–401.

Petri M, Abuav R, Boumpas D, Goldblatt F, Isenberg I, Anhalt GJ, et al. Systemic lupus erythematosus. In: Stone JH, ed. A Clinician’s Pearls and Myths in Rheumatology. New York: Springer Science+Business Media; 2009:131–155.

Tsokos G. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Basic, applied, and clinical aspects. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 2020.

Tsokos G, Buyon JP, Koike T, Lahita RG, eds. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. 5th ed. San Diego, Ca: Elsevier Academic Press; 201 Wallace DJ. The Lupus Book. 5th ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc.; 2012.

Wallace DJ, Hahn, BH, eds. Dubois’ Lupus Erythematosus. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2018. UpToDate, Inc. Retrieved April 21, 2019 – date of publishing, from www.uptodate.com.

 

 

Chapter 1

Aggarwal R, et al. Distinctions between diagnostic and classification criteria? Arthr Care Res. 2015;67(7):891-897.
Allison MJ, Gerszten E, Martinez AJ, Klurfeld DM. Generalized connective tissue disease in a mummy from the Huari culture (Peru). Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. April 1977;53(3):292–301.
Al Sawah S, Daly RP, Foster S, Naegeli A, Benjamin K., Doll H., Bond G, Moshkovich O, Alarcón G. Understanding Delay in Diagnosis, Access to Care, and Satisfaction with Care in Lupus: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Online Survey in the United States. Presented at the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) 2015 Annual Conference. June 2015. Rome, Italy. 
Araujo-Fernandez S, et al. Drug-induced lupus: including anti-tumour necrosis factor and interferon induced. Lupus. 2014; 23(6):545-553.
Aringer M, et al. 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthr Rheum 2019;71:1400-1412.
Arnaud L, et al. Drug-induced systemic lupus: revisiting the everchanging spectrum of the disease using the WHO pharmacovigilance database. Ann Rheum Dis. 
2019;78:504-508.
Barr SG, Zonana-Nacach A, Magder LS, Petri M. Patterns of disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthr & Rheum. 1999;42(12):2682-2688.
Bartels CM, Ramsey-Goldman R. Updates in US systemic lupus erythematosus epidemiology: tales of two cities. Arthr & Rheum. 2014;66(2):242-245.

Bateman T. A Practical Synopsis of Cutaneous Diseases, According to the Arrangements of Dr. Willan. Thomas AT, ed. 8th ed. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, Paternoster-Row; 1936:298–299.
Bortoluzzi A, et al. Application of SLICC classification criteria in undifferentiated connective tissue disease and evolution in systemic lupus erythematosus: analysis of a large monocentric cohort with a long-term follow-up. Lupus. 2017;26:616-622.
Du Cange. Glossarium medie et infimelatinitatis. Carpenterii DP, Henschel GAL, Favre L, eds. Niort [France]; 1885: tomusquintus, col. 155b.
Dall’Era M, et al. The incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus in San Francisco County, California. Arthr & Rheum. 2017;69(10):1996-2005.
Farmer S. Communities of Saint Martin: Legend and Ritual in Medieval Tours. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press; 1991:271–276.
Ferucci ED, et al. Prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a population-based registry of American Indian and Alaska Native people. Arthr & Rheum. 2014;66(9):2494-2502.
GfK Roper. (2012). Lupus Awareness Survey for the Lupus Foundation of America [Executive Summary Report]. Washington, DC
Guigonis de Caulhiaco (Guy de Chauliac). Inventariumsive Chirurgia Magna. Vol. 2: Commentary. McVaugh M, Ogden MS, eds. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklyke Brill; 1997:183.
Hebernus (Archbishop of Tours). Miracula B. Martini [The Miracles of St. Martin]. AD 855. In: Anastasius (the Librarian). Patrologiae Cursus Completus Sive Bibliotheca Universalis, Integra, Uniformis, Commoda, Oeconomica, Omnium SS Patrum, Doctorum Scriptorum que Ecclesiasticorum, patrologiae tomus CXXIX. Paris: J.-P. Migne; 1853: col. 1036. Translated from the Latin into English courtesy of Darrel W. Amundsen, professor emeritus of Classics, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Wa.
He Y, Sawalha AH. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus: an update on drugs and metabolisms. Current Opinion Rheum. 2018;30(5):490-496.
Hebra F, Kaposi M. On Diseases of the Skin Including the Exanthemata. London: The New
Sydenham Society; 1875:50.
Hochberg MC. Updating the American College of Rheumatology Revised Criteria for the Classification of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Arthr & Rheum. 1997;40(9):1725.
Ines L, et al. Classification of systemic lupus erythematosus: Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics versus American College of Rheumatology criteria. A comparative study of 2,055 patients from a real-life, international systemic lupus erythematosus cohort. Arthr Care Res. 2015;67(8):1180-1185.
Izmirly PM, et al. The incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus in New York County (Manhattan), New York. Arth & Rheum. 2017;69(10):2006-2017.
Jia L, et al. American College of Rheumatology criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus exclude half of all systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Arthr & Rheum. 2017;69(7):1502-1503.

Izmirly PM, Parton H, Wang L, McCune WJ, Lim SS, Drenkard C, Ferucci ED, Dall’Era M, Gordon C, Helmick CG, Somers EC. Prevalence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in the United States: Estimates From a Meta-Analysis of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Lupus Registries. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2021 Jun;73(6):991-996. doi: 10.1002/art.41632. Epub 2021 Apr 23. PMID: 33474834; PMCID: PMC8169527.
Johnson SR, Brinks R, Costenbader KH, Daikh D, Mosca M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Smolen JS, Wofsy D, Boumpas DT, Kamen DL, Jayne D, Cervera R, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Diamond B, Gladman DD, Hahn B, Hiepe F, Jacobsen S, Khanna D, Lerstrøm K, Massarotti E, McCune J, Ruiz-Irastorza G, Sanchez-Guerrero J, Schneider M, Urowitz M, Bertsias G, Hoyer BF, Leuchten N, Tani C, Tedeschi SK, Touma Z, Schmajuk G, Anic B, Assan F, Chan TM, Clarke AE, Crow MK, Czirják L, Doria A, Graninger WB, Halda-Kiss B, Hasni S, Izmirly PM, Jung M, Kumánovics G, Mariette X, Padjen I, Pego-Reigosa JM, Romero-Diaz J, Rúa-Figueroa Í, Seror R, Stummvoll GH, Tanaka Y, Tektonidou MG, Vasconcelos C, Vital EM, Wallace DJ, Yavuz S, Meroni PL, Fritzler MJ, Naden R, Dörner T, Aringer M. Performance of the 2019 EULAR/ACR classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus in early disease, across sexes and ethnicities. Ann Rheum Dis. 2020 Oct;79(10):1333-1339. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-217162. Epub 2020 Aug 14. PMID: 32816709.
Kaposi M. Lupus Vulgaris. In: Virchow RLK, ed. Handbuch der speciellenpathologie und therapie. Vol. 3, part 2: Lehrbuch der hautkrankheiten .
Stuttgart: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke; 1876:325. Translated from the German and Latin by Gary E. O’Connor.
Laday, J. More than 200,000 people in US meet criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus. Helio March 2021:40.
La vie et les miracles de Monseigneur Saint Martin [The life and miracles of Saint Martin (of Tours)]. May 7, 1496. Translated from Latin to French by Mathieu Latheron. Obtained from Paris, Bibliotèque Nationale. La Réserve (shelf mark) vélin 1159: L1 v°.
Lim SS, et al. The incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus, 2002-2004: The Georgia Lupus Registry. Arthr & Rheum. 2014;66(2):357-368.
Low ESH, et al. Comparing the 1997 update of the 1982 American College of Rheumatology (ACR-97) and the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC-12) criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE classification): which enables earlier classification of SLE in an urban Asian population? Lupus. 2019;28:11-18.

Makol A, Petri M. Pancreatitis in systemic lupus erythematosus: frequency and associated factors—a review of the Hopkins Lupus Cohort. Journal of Rheumatology. 2010;37:341–345.
Manzi S, Merrill J. Lupus, the chameleon: many disguises difficult to capture. Arthr & Rheum. 2017;69(10):1921-1924.
Merrill JT. The rarity of antinuclear antibody negativity in systemic lupus erythematosus: comment on the article by Merrill et al. [Reply to letter to the editor]. Arthritis & Rheumatism. March 2011;63(4):1157–1158.
Miraeus, Aubertus (Albert le Mire). Opera Diplomatica et Historica. Diplomatum Belgicorum nova collectivo sive supplementum ad Opera Diplomatica. Tomus Uno. Editio Secunda auctior et correctior. Caput XXV, pg 653. Joannes Franciscus Foppens, Brussels. 1723. [The affidavit of Eraclius, Bishop of Liege]
Morgan, C., Bland, A. R., Maker, C., Dunnage, J., & Bruce, I. N. (2018). Individuals living with lupus: findings from the LUPUS UK Members Survey 2014. Lupus, 27(4), 681–687. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203317749746
Narain S et al. Diagnostic accuracy for lupus and other systemic autoimmune diseases in the community setting. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:2435-2441.
Pérez-De-Lis M, Retamozo S, Flores-Chávez A, Kostov B, Perez-Alvarez R, Brito-Zerón P, Ramos-Casals M. Autoimmune diseases induced by biological agents. A review of 12,731 cases (BIOGEAS Registry). Expert Opin Drug Safe. 2017;16(11):1255.
Petri M, Orbai A-M, Alarcon GS, Gordon C, Merrill JT et al. Derivation and Validation of Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Classification Criteria for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Arthr & Rheum. 2012;64(8):2677-2686.
Pickering G, et al. Treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus with steroids: report to the Medical Research Council by the Collagen Diseases and Hypersensitivity Panel. Br Med J 1961;2:915.
Pons-Estel GJ, et al. The American College of Rheumatology and the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus in two multiethnic cohorts: a commentary. Lupus. 2014;23:3-9.
Pourazizi M, et al. Lupus and lupoid misnomer: issues and challenges. Lupus. 2017;26:6-9.

Sacks JJ, Luo YH, Helmick CG. Prevalence of specific types of arthritis and other rheumatic conditions in the ambulatory health care system in the United States, 2001–2005. Arthritis Care & Research. April 2010;62(4):460–464.
Smith CD, Cyr M. The history of lupus erythematosus: from Hippocrates to Osler. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America. 1988;14:1–14.
Somers EC, et al. Population-based incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus: the Michigan Lupus Epidemiology and Surveillance Program. Arthr & Rheum. 2014;66(2):369-378.
Tedeschi SK, et al. Developing and refining new candidate criteria for SLE classification: an international collaboration. Arthr Care Res (Hoboken). 2018;70(4):571-581.

Troisi RJ et al. Menopause, postmenopausal estrogen preparations, and the risk of adult-onset asthma. A prospective cohort study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995;152(4 Pt 1):1183.
Ugarte-Gil MF, Alarcón GS. Incomplete systemic lupus erythematosus: early diagnosis or overdiagnosis? Lupus 2016;68:285-287.
Ugarte-Gil MF, González LA, Alarcón GS. Lupus: the new epidemic. Lupus 2019;28:1031-1050.
Ungprasert P, et al. Incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a population-based cohort using revised 1997 American College of Rheumatology and the 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classification criteria. Lupus. 2017;26:240-247.
Vedove CD, Del Giglio M, Schena D, Girolomoni G. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus. Arch Dermatol Res. 2009;301(1):99. Epub 2008 Sep 17.

Chapter 2

Aberle T, et al. Clinical and serologic features in patients with incomplete lupus classification versus systemic lupus erythematosus patients and controls. Arthr Care Res 2017;69:1780-1788.
Al Daabil M, et al. Development of SLE among “potential SLE” patients seen in consultation: long-term follow-up. Int J Clin Pract 2014;68:1508-1513.
Alharbi S, et al. Epidemiology and survival of systemic sclerosis-systemic lupus erythematosus overlap syndrome. J Rheum 2018;45:1406-1410.
Bernstein S. Can lupus be prevented? The Rheumatologist MAR 2020: 32-34.

Bitencourt N, Solow EB, Wright T, Bermas BL. Inflammatory myositis in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2020;29(7):776-781. doi:10.1177/0961203320918021
Burgio GR, Martini A. Immunological features of diffuse connective tissue diseases. European Journal of Pediatrics. January 1990;149:224–231.
Calvo-Alen J, et al. Systemic lupus erythematosus: predictors of its occurrence among a cohort of early undifferentiated connective tissue disease. J Rheum 1996;23:469-475.
Cojocaru M, et al. Multiple autoimmune syndrome. Maedica (Buchar) 2010;5:132-134.

Connor SK. Systemic lupus erythematosus: a report on twelve cases treated with quinacrine (Atabrine) and chloroquine (Aralen). Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. 1957;16:76–81.
Costenbader KH, Schur PH. We need better classification and terminology for “people at high risk of or in the process of developing lupus.” Arthr Care Res 2015;67:593-596.
Dubois EL .The effect of the L. E. Cell test on the clinical picture of systemic lupus erythematosus. Annals of Internal Medicine. June 1953;38(6):1265–1294.
Friou GJ. Proceedings of the forty-ninth annual meeting of the American Society for Clinical Investigation held in Atlantic City, N. J., May 6, 1957: Clinical application of lupus serum nucleoprotein reaction using fluorescent antibody technique. Journal of Clinical Investigation. June 1957;36(6):890–898.
Frittoli R, et al. Impact of the birth month in the development of systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus Sci Med 2019;6:A154.</fon t>
Hargraves MM. Discovery of the LE cell and its morphology. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. September 1969;44(9):579–599.
Hargraves MM. Presentation of two bone marrow elements: the “Tart” Cell and the “L.E.” Cell. Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic. January 1948;23(2):25–28.
Helmick CG, Felson DT, Lawrence RC, Gabriel S, Hirsch R, Kwoh CK, Liang MH, Kremers HM, Mayes MD, Merkel PA, Pillemer SR, Reveille JD, Stone JH; National Arthritis Data Workgroup. Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and other rheumatic conditions in the United States. Part I. Arthritis & Rheum. 2008;58(1):15-25. PMID: 18163481.
Hepburn AL. Heberden historical series: the LE Cell. Rheumatology. 2001;40:826–827.
Holman H. The discovery of autoantibody to deoxyribonucleic acid. Lupus. 2011;20:441–442.
Infantino M, et al. The clinical impact of Anti-DFS70 antibodies in undifferentiated connective tissue disease: case reports and a review of the literature. Immunol Res 2017;65:293-295.
James, J., Kim-Howard, X., Bruner, B., Jonsson, M., McClain, M., Arbuckle, M., … Harley, J. (2007). Hydroxychloroquine sulfate treatment is associated with later onset of systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus, 16(6), 401–409. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203307078579
Klemperer P, Pollack AD, Baehr G. Diffuse collagen disease: acute disseminated erythematosus and diffuse scleroderma. JAMA. May 1942;119:331–332.
Lambers WM, Westra J, Jonkman MF, Bootsma H, de Leeuw K. Incomplete Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: What Remains After Application of American College of Rheumatology and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics criteria?. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2020;72(5):607‐614. doi:10.1002/acr.23894
Lamichhane, D., & Weinstein, A. (2016). Probable systemic lupus erythematosus with cell-bound complement activation products (CB-CAPS). Lupus, 25(9), 1050–1053. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203316635287
Li YR, et al. Genetic sharing and heritability of pediatric age-of-onset autoimmune diseases. Nat Comm 2015;2015 Oct 9;6:8442. doi: 10.1038/ncomms9442.
Liang E, Taylor M, McMahon MA. Utility of the Avise Connective Tissue Disease Test in Predicting Lupus Diagnosis and Progression of Disease [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/utility-of-the-avise-connective-tissue-disease-test-in-predicting-lupus-diagnosis-and-progression-of-disease/. Accessed December 29, 2019.
Lockshin MD, et al. Patients with overlap autoimmune disease differ from those with ‘pure’ disease. Lupus Sci Med 2015;2:e000084. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2015-000084.
Massimo Radin, Karen Schreiber, Irene Cecchi, Alessandra Bortoluzzi, Francesca Crisafulli, Cristiano M de Freitas, Beatrice Bacco, Elena Rubini, Silvia G Foddai, Melissa Padovan, Silvia Gallo Cassarino, Franco Franceschini, Danieli Andrade, Chiara Benedetto, Marcello Govoni, Tiziana Bertero, Luca Marozio, Dario Roccatello, Laura Andreoli, Savino Sciascia. A multicentre study of 244 pregnancies in undifferentiated connective tissue disease: maternal/fetal outcomes and disease evolution [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jan 14]. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2020;kez620. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kez620
Mosca M, et al. How do patients with newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus present? A multicenter cohort of early systemic lupus erythematosus to inform the development of new classification criteria. Arthr Rheum 2019;71:91-98.
Mosca M, Tani C, Talarico R, Bombardieri S. Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (UCTD): simplified systemic autoimmune diseases. Autoimmunity Reviews. September 2010 [Epub ahead of print].
Munroe ME, Lu R, Zhao YD, et al. Altered type II interferon precedes autoantibody accrual and elevated type I interferon activity prior to systemic lupus erythematosus classification. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2016;75:2014-2021.
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Ramsey‐Goldman, R., Alexander, R.V., Massarotti, E.M., Wallace, D.J., Narain, S., Arriens, C., Collins, C.E., Saxena, A., Putterman, C., Kalunian, K.C., O’Malley, T., Dervieux, T. and Weinstein, A. (2020), Complement Activation in Patients With Probable Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Ability to Predict Progression to American College of Rheumatology–Classified Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Arthritis Rheumatol, 72: 78-88. doi:10.1002/art.41093Rashidi A and SI Fisher. Lupus Erythematosus Cell. Arthritis and Rheumatology 2018;70(7):1101.
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Ugarte-Gil MF, et al. Disease features and outcomes in United States lupus patients of Hispanic origin and their Mestizo counterparts in Latin America: a commentary. Rheum (Oxford) 2016;55:436-440.
Urgate-Gil MF, González LA, AlarcónGS. Lupus: the new epidemic. Lupus 2019;28:1031-1050.
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Young KA, et al. Screening characteristics for enrichment of individuals at higher risk for transitioning to classified SLE. Lupus 2019;28:597-606.

Yusof MYM, et al. Prediction of autoimmune connective tissue disease in an at-risk cohort: prognostic value of a novel two-score system for interferon status. Ann Rheum Dis 2017;77:1432-1439

Chapter 3

Abdel Galil SM, et al. Interferon alpha gene expression and serum level association of low vitamin D levels in Egyptian female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2018;27:199-209.
Alarcón-Segovia D, Alarcón-Riquelme M, Cardiel MH, Caeiro F, Massardo L, et al. Familial aggregation of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune diseases in 1,177 lupus patients from the GLADEL cohort. Arthritis & Rheumatism. April 2005;52(4):1138–1147.
Alzate MA, et al. Coffee consumption and clinical outcomes in Colombian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2017;4:doi: 10.1136/lupus-2017-000215.353
Andreoli L, Piantoni S, Fall’Ara F, et al. Vit
amin D and antiphospholipid syndrome. Lupus. June 2012;21(7):736–740.
Azzouz D, et al. Lupus nephritis is linked to disease-activity associated expansions and immunity to a gut commensal. Ann Rheum Dis 78:947-956.
Bae S-C, Lee YH. Coffee consumption and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus: a Mendelian randomization study. Clin Rheum 2018;37:2875-2879.
Bagavant H, et al. Antibodies to periodontogenic bacteria are associated with higher disease activity in lupus patients. Clin Exp Rheum 2019;37:106-111.
Bagavant H, et al. Periodontal pathogen exposure facilitates disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Immun 2018;200 (1 Suppl)45.7.
Barbhaiya M, et al. Influence of alcohol consumption on the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus among women in the Nurse’s Health Study cohorts. Arthr Care Res 2017;69:384-392.

Barbhaiya M, Costenbader KH. Ultraviolet radiation and systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2014;23:588-595.
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Bengtsson AA, et al. Risk factors for developing systemic lupus erythematosus: a case-control study in southern Sweden. Rheum (Oxford) 2002;41:563-571.
Benjilali, L., Tazi-Mezalek, Z., Harmouche, H., Lebbar, K., Aouni, M., Adnaoui, M., & Maaouni, A. (2007). Pernicious anemia in a young man with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus, 16(10), 827–829. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203307081976
Beresford L. What is the role of Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in the development of lupus? The Rheumatologist, NOV 2020:37.

Bhatt BD. Significant symptomatic improvement of subacute cutaneous lupus after testosterone therapy in a female-to-male transgender subject. Lupus 2018;27:347-348.
Birmingham DJ, Hebert LA, Song H, Noonan WT, Rovin BH, et al. Evidence that abnormally large seasonal declines in vitamin D status may trigger SLE flare in non-African Americans. Lupus. July 2012;21(8):855–864.
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Boeckler P, Cosnes A, Francès C, Hedelin G, Lipsker D. Association of cigarette smoking but not alcohol consumption with cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Archives of Dermatology. September 2009;145(9):1012–1016.
Bonakdar ZS, Jahanshahifar L, Jahanshahifar F, Gholamrezaei A. Vitamin D deficiency and its association with disease activity in new cases of systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2011;20:1155–1160.
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Cervera R. “ASIA”: a new systemic autoimmune syndrome? Lupus. 2010;20:665–666.
Chiou S-H, et al. Pet dogs owned by lupus patients are at a higher risk of developing lupus. Lupus 2004;13:442-449.
Chou C-T. Alternative therapies: what role do they have in the management of lupus? Lupus. 2010;19:1425–1429.
Chung W-S, et al. Association of systemic lupus erythematosus and sleep disorders: a nationwide population-based cohort study. Lupus 2015;25:382-388.
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Cooper G, Gilbert K, Greidinger E, James J, Pfau J, et al. Avanços e oportunidades atuais na pesquisa sobre lupus: influências ambientais e mecanismos da doença [Recent advances and opportunities in research on lupus: environmental influences and mechanisms of disease]. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. November/December 2009;14(5):1865–1876.
Cooper G, Wither J, Bernatsky S, Claudio JO, Clarke A, et al. Occupational and environmental exposures and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus: silica, sunlight, solvents. Rheumatology (Oxford). November 2010;49(11):2172–2180.
Cooper GS, et al. Smoking and use of hair treatments in relation of risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheum 2001;28:2653-2656.
Cozier YC, et al. Relationship of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption to incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a prospective cohort study of black women. Arthr Care Res 2019;71:671-677.

Criswell LA. Genome-wide association studies of SLE. The Rheumatologist. February 2011;5(2):1, 26, 27, 31–32.
Dahlgren J, et al. Cluster of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with an oil field waste site: a cross sectional study. Environ Health Glob Access Sci Source 2007;6:8.
Danchenko N, et al. Epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus: a comparison of worldwide disease burden. Lupus 2006;15:308-318.
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Chapter 4

Aggarwal R, Liao K, Nair R, Ringold S, Costenbader KH. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibody assays and their role in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism. November 2009;61(11):1472–1483.
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Agustinelli RA, et al. Distinctive features of positive anti-cell antibody tests (indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells) in patients with non-autoimmune diseases. Lupus 2018;28:629-634.

Akhter, E., Burlingame, R., Seaman, A., Magder, L., & Petri, M. (2011). Anti-C1q antibodies have higher correlation with flares of lupus nephritis than other serum markers. Lupus, 20(12), 1267–1274. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203311411597
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Amengual, O., Forastiero, R., Sugiura-Ogasawara, M., Otomo, K., Oku, K., Favas, C., … Atsumi, T. (2017). Evaluation of phosphatidylserine-dependent antiprothrombin antibody testing for the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome: results of an international multicentre study. Lupus, 26(3), 266–276. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203316660203
Amezcua-Guerra LM. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein is not a good indicator of infection in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus [Letter to the editor]. Lupus. 2011;20:1567–1568.
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Araújo-Fernández S, Ahijón-Lana M, Isenberg DA. Drug-induced lupus: Including anti-tumour necrosis factor and interferon induced. Lupus. 2014;23(6):545–553. doi:10.1177/0961203314523871
Arriens C, Alexander RV, Narain S, et al. Cell-bound complement activation products associate with lupus severity in SLE. Lupus Science & Medicine 2020;7:e000377. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2019-000377
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Collaborative Clinical Alliance Cohort. Arthr Care Res 2016;68:1554-1559.

Baer AN, McAdams DeMarco M, Shiboski SC for the Sjögren’s International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) Research Groups, et al. The SSB-positive/SSA-negative antibody profile is not associated with key phenotypic features of Sjögren’s syndrome Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2015;74:1557-1561.
Bentow C, et al. Development and multi-center evaluation of a novel immunoabsorption method for anti-DFS70 antibodies. Lupus 2016;25:897-904.
Bentow, C., Lakos, G., Martis, P., et al. (2016). International multi-center evaluation of a novel chemiluminescence assay for the detection of anti-dsDNA antibodies. Lupus, 25(8), 864–872. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203316640917
Beutler E, Waalen J. The definition of anemia: what is the lower limit of normal of the blood hemoglobin concentration? Blood 2006; 107:1747
Bhana S. (March 2019) Antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Retrieved from https:///www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Antinuclear-Antibodies-ANA (retrieved Dec 17, 2019).

Blazina Š, et al. Functional Complement Analysis Can Predict Genetic Testing Results and Long-Term Outcome in Patients With Complement Deficiencies. Front Immunol. 2018;9:500. Epub 2018 Mar 21. 
Bortoluzzi, A., Piga, M., Silvagni, E., Chessa, E., Mathieu, A., & Govoni, M. (2019). Peripheral nervous system involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study on prevalence, associated factors and outcome. Lupus, 28(4), 465–474. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203319828499
Bose N, et al. The clinical utility of anti-chromatin antibodies as measured by BioPlex 2200 in the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus versus other rheumatic diseases. Int J Exp Med 2012;5:316-320.
Bossuyt X, Claessens J, De Langhe E, et al. Antinuclear antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence and solid phase assays. Ann Rheum Dis. 2020;79(6):e65. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2019-215443
Brewster LM, et al. Distribution of creatine kinase in the general population: implications for statin therapy. Am Heart J 2007;154:655.
Budhram A, et al. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody as a marker of erosive arthritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lupus 2014;23:1156-1163.
Buyon JP, Izmirly PM, Belmont HM, Conklin J, Kaiden N, Salmon JE, Alexander R, Dervieux T. Erythrocyte Bound C4d in the Presence of Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Events in Pregnant Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus [abstract]. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2018; 70 (suppl 10). https://acrabstracts.org/abstract/erythrocyte-bound-c4d-in-the-presence-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-events-in-pregnant-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus/. Accessed December 29, 2019.
Buyon JP, Kim MY, Guerra MM, et al. Predictors of Pregnancy Outcomes in Patients With Lupus: A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(3):153‐163. doi:10.7326/M14-2235
Cabrera CM, et al. Serological profile and clinical features of nucleolar antinuclear pattern in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus from southwestern Spain. Lupus 2016;25:980-987.
Carpintero MF, et al. Diagnosis and risk stratification in patients with anti-RNP autoimmunity. Lupus 2015;24:1057-1066.
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Cervera R, Vinas O, Ramos-Casals M, Font J, Garcia-Carrasco M, Siso A, et al. Anti-chromatin antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus: a useful marker for lupus nephropathy. Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. May 2003;62(5):431–434.
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Chapter 5

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 13

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Gomides, A. P. M., do Rosário, E. J., Borges, H. M., Gomides, H. H. M., de Pádua, P. M., & Sampaio-Barros, P. D. (2007). Sensorineural dysacusis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus, 16(12), 987–990. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203307084160
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Chapter 14

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on. Oral Dis. 2019;25(8):1937‐1944. doi:10.1111/odi.13192

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Goules A, Geetha D, Arend LJ, Baer AN. Renal involvement in primary Sjögren’s syndrome: natural history and treatment outcome. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2019;37 Suppl 118(3):123‐132.
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Hajiahmadi M, Yegdaneh A, Homayoni A, Parishani H, Moshkelgosha H, Salari-Moghaddam R. Comparative Evaluation of Efficacy of “Green Tea” and “Green Tea with Xylitol” Mouthwashes on the Salivary Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus Colony Count in Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2019;20(10):1190-1194. Published 2019 Oct 1.
Hu, H., Merenstein, D.J., Wang, C. et al. Impact of Eating Probiotic Yogurt on Colonization by Candida Species of the Oral and Vaginal Mucosa in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Women. Mycopathologia 176, 175–181 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11046-013-9678-4
Karakus S, Baer AN, Agrawal D, Gurakar M, Massof RW, Akpek EK. Utility of Novel Autoantibodies in the Diagnosis of Sjögren’s Syndrome Among Patients With Dry Eye. Cornea. 2018;37(4):405‐411. doi:10.1097/ICO.0000000000001471
Khandelwal SS. Neurotrophic Keratopathy: The Latest Treatments. Ophthalmology Management, Volume: 24, Issue: Corneal Physician April 2020, page(s): 49-51
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Rodrigues, B. C., Lacerda, M. I., Ramires de Jesús, G. R., Cunha dos Santos, F., Ramires de Jesús, N., Levy, R. A., & Klumb, E. M. (2019). The impact of different classes of lupus nephritis on maternal and fetal outcomes: a cohort study of 147 pregnancies. Lupus, 28(4), 492–500. https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203319829825
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Ruffatti A, Milanesi O, Chiandetti L, Cerutti A, Gervasi MT, et al. A combination therapy to treat second-degree anti-Ro/La-related congenital heart block. A strategy to avoid stable third-degree heart block? Lupus. 2012;21:666–671.
Ruiz-Irastorza G, Cuadrado MJ, Ruiz-Arruza I, et al. Evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and long-term management of thrombosis in antiphospholipid antibody-positive patients: report of a task force at the 13th International Congress on antiphospholipid antibodies. Lupus. 2011;20(2):206‐218. doi:10.1177/0961203310395803​
Saavedra MA, et al. Primigravida is associated with flare in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2015;24(2):180. Epub 2014 Sep 24. ​
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Chapter 19

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Chapter 20

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Chapter 21

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Chapter 22

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Cush J. Rules for Drug Cessation with Infection. RheumNow. Retrieved 9/7/20 at https://rheumnow.com/blog/best-2017-rules-drug-cessation-infection
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Chapter 23

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Chapter 24

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Black DM, Geiger EJ, Eastell R, Vittinghoff E, Li BH, Ryan DS, Dell RM, Adams AL. Atypical Femur Fracture Risk versus Fragility Fracture Prevention with Bisphosphonates. N Engl J Med. 2020 Aug 20;383(8):743-753. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1916525. PMID: 32813950.

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no abstract available
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Chapter 33

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Erkan D, Vega J, Ramón G, Kozora E, Lockshin M. A pilot open-label phase II trial of rituximab for non-criteria manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome. Arthritis & Rheumatism. February 2013;65(3):464–471.
FDA. Biosimilar and Interchangeable Biologics: More Treatment Choices. Retrieved 2/17/21 from https:///www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/
biosimilar-and-interchangeable-biologics-more-treatment-choices#:~:text=A%20biosimilar%20is%20a%20biologic,original%20biologic%20or%20reference%20product
).

FDA (JAN 2017). Nonproprietary naming of biological products: guidance for industry. Retrieved on 2/15/21 at https:///www.fda.gov/media/93218/download
Fernández-Nebro A, Marenco de la Fuente LJ, Carreño L, Galindo Izquierdo M, Tomero E, et al. Multicenter longitudinal study of B-lymphocyte depletion in refractory systemic lupus erythematosus: the LESIMAB study. Lupus. September 2012;21(10):1063–1076.
Haynes K, Beukelman T, Curtis JR, Newcomb C, Herrinton LJ, et al. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy and cancer risk in chronic immune-mediated diseases. Arthritis & Rheumatism. January 2013;65(1):48–58. Interferon. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interferon.
Isaacs A, Lindenmann J. Virus interference. I. The interferon. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. September 1957;147(927):258–267.
Kapoor T, Mahadeshwar P, Hui-Yuen J, et al. Prevalence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in adults and children with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus Science & Medicine 2020;7:e000388. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2020-000388
Katz R. Polyarthritis in systemic lupus erythematosus treated with infliximab. Rush University Medical Center. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
Kendall EC. The development of cortisone as a therapeutic agent [Nobel lecture]. Les Prix Nobel. December 1951.
Mariette X, Matucci-Cerinic M, Pavelka K, Taylor P, van Vollenhoven R, Heatley R, et al. Malignancies associated with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors in registries and prospective observational studies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. September 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2011
Md Yusof MY, Vital EM, McElvenny DM, Hensor EMA, Das S, Dass S, Rawstron AC, Buch MH, Emery P, Savic S. Predicting Severe Infection and Effects of Hypogammaglobulinemia During Therapy With Rituximab in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Nov;71(11):1812-1823. doi: 10.1002/art.40937. Epub 2019 Sep 26. PMID: 31131994.
Molloy ES, Calabrese LH. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: a national estimate of frequency in systemic lupus erythematosus and other rheumatoid diseases. Arthritis & Rheumatism. December 2009;60(12):3761–3765.
Molloy ES, Calabrese LH. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in patients with rheumatic disease: are patients with systemic lupus erythematosus at particular risk? Autoimmunity Review December 2008;8(2):144–146.
Newswire Canada. Celltrion Healthcare receives Health Canada marketing authorization for world’s first subcutaneous formulation of infliximab, Remsima™ SC, for the treatment of people with rheumatoid arthritis. Retrieved 2/16/21 from https:///www.newswire.ca/news-releases/celltrion-healthcare-receives-health-canada-marketing-authorization-for-world-s-first-subcutaneous-formulation-of-infliximab-remsima-tm-sc-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-831511546.html
Østensen M, Förger F. Management of RA medications in pregnant patients. Nature Reviews Rheumatology. July 2009;5:382–390.
Pinto LF, Velásquez CJ, Prieto C, Mestra L, Forero E, Márquez JD. Rituximab induces a rapid and sustained remission in Colombian patients with severe and refractory systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2011;20:1219–1226.
Pongtarakulpanit N, Pisitkun P, Ngamjanyaporn P. Efficacy and safety of rituximab biosimilar in refractory lupus. Lupus Science & Medicine 2020;7:e000442. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2020-000442
Raaschou P, Simard JF, Neovius M, Askling J. Does cancer that occurs during or after antitumor necrosis factor therapy have a worse prognosis? Arthritis & Rheumatism. July 2011;63(7):1812–1822.
Ramos-Casals M, Soto MJ, Cuadrado MJ, Khamashta MA. Rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review of off-label use in 188 cases. Lupus. 2009;18:767–776.
Sawsen JH, Uppal SS, Narayanan Nampoory MR, Johny KV, Gupta R, Al-Oun M. Safety and efficacy of infliximab in a patient with active WHO class IV lupus nephritis [Case report]. Clinical Rheumatology. 2007;26(6):973–975.
Shannon E, Daffy J, Jones H, Paulson A, Vicik SM. Etanercept (Enbrel®) alternative storage at ambient temperature. Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Jul 21;9:87-99. doi: 10.2147/CPAA.S131832. PMID: 28790869; PMCID: PMC5531722.
Smolen JS. Slide presentation and abstract. Blocking proinflammatory cytokines in lupus. Poster session at the 7th International Congress on SLE and Related Conditions, May 9–13, 2004, New York, NY.
Solomon DH, Mercer E, Kavanaugh A. Observational studies on the risk of cancer associated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis: a review of their methodologies and results. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 2012;64(1):21–32.
Thompson AE, Rieder SW, Pope JE. Tumor necrosis factor therapy and the risk of serious infection and malignancy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arthritis & Rheumatism. June 2011;63(6):1479–1485. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
Wang X, Yan J, Wang L, Pan D, Xu Y, Wang F, Sheng J, Li X, Yang M. Oral delivery of anti-TNF antibody shielded by natural polyphenol-mediated supramolecular assembly for inflammatory bowel disease therapy. Theranostics. 2020 Aug 29;10(23):10808-10822. doi: 10.7150/thno.47601. PMID: 32929381; PMCID: PMC7482796.​
Ward MM, Dasgupta A. Pre-operative withholding of infliximab and the risk of infections after major surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2020 Dec 1;59(12):3917-3926. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keaa291. PMID: 32710102; PMCID: PMC7733718.
< span style=”color:rgb(129, 129, 129)”>Weckerle CE, Mangale D, Franek BS, Kelly JA, Kumabe M, et al. Large-scale analysis of tumor necrosis factor α levels in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism. September 2012;64(9):2947–2952.
Wolfe F, Michaud K. Biologic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of malignancy: analyses from a large US observational study. Arthritis & Rheumatism.
2007;56(9):2886–2895.
Yang BB, Xiao H, Li XJ, Zheng M. Safety and efficacy of etanercept-methotrexate combination therapy in patients with rhupus: an observational study of non-glucocorticoid treatment for rheumatic diseases. Discov Med. 2018 Jan;25(135):14-20. PMID: 29466690.
Zhu L-J, Yang X, Yu X-Q. Anti-TNF-α therapies in systemic lupus erythematosus [Review article]. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. Vol. 2010, Article ID 465898, 8 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/465898. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from www.hindawi.com/journals/jbb/2010/465898/cta/.Aringer M, Houssiau F, Gordon C, Graninger WB, Voll RE, et al. Adverse events and efficacy of TNF-alpha blockade with infliximab in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: longterm follow-up of 13 patients. Rheumatology (Oxford). November 2009;48(11):1451–1454.

Arriens C, Polyakova S, Adzerikho I, et al [abstract]. OP0277 AURORA PHASE 3 STUDY DEMONSTRATES VOCLOSPORIN STATISTICAL SUPERIORITY OVER STANDARD OF CARE IN LUPUS NEPHRITIS (LN). Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2020;79:172-173.
Bharat A, Xie F, Baddley JW, Beukelman T, Chen L, et al. Incidence and risk factors for progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy among patients with selected rheumatic diseases. Arthritis & Care Research. 2012;64(4):612–615.
Cassia MA, Alberici F, Jones RB, Smith RM, Casazza G, Urban ML, Emmi G, Moroni G, Sinico RA, Messa P, Hall F, Vaglio A, Gallieni M, Jayne DR. Rituximab as Maintenance Treatment for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Multicenter Observational Study of 147 Patients. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Oct;71(10):1670-1680. doi: 10.1002/art.40932. Epub 2019 Aug 30. PMID: 31102498.
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Cush J. Problems with biologic drug storage. RheumNow JAN 2018. Retrieved 2/16/21 from https://rheumnow.com/content/problems-biologic-drug-storage
Cush J. TB management questions. Retrieved 2/17/21 from https://rheumnow.com/content/tb-management-questions
Erkan D, Vega J, Ramón G, Kozora E, Lockshin M. A pilot open-label phase II trial of rituximab for non-criteria manifestations of antiphospholipid syndrome. Arthritis & Rheumatism. February 2013;65(3):464–471.
FDA. Biosimilar and Interchangeable Biologics: More Treatment Choices. Retrieved 2/17/21 from https:///www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/
biosimilar-and-interchangeable-biologics-more-treatment-choices#:~:text=A%20biosimilar%20is%20a%20biologic,original%20biologic%20or%20reference%20product
).

FDA (JAN 2017). Nonproprietary naming of biological products: guidance for industry. Retrieved on 2/15/21 at https:///www.fda.gov/media/93218/download
Fernández-Nebro A, Marenco de la Fuente LJ, Carreño L, Galindo Izquierdo M, Tomero E, et al. Multicenter longitudinal study of B-lymphocyte depletion in refractory systemic lupus erythematosus: the LESIMAB study. Lupus. September 2012;21(10):1063–1076.
Haynes K, Beukelman T, Curtis JR, Newcomb C, Herrinton LJ, et al. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitor therapy and cancer risk in chronic immune-mediated diseases. Arthritis & Rheumatism. January 2013;65(1):48–58. Interferon. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interferon.
Isaacs A, Lindenmann J. Virus interference. I. The interferon. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. September 1957;147(927):258–267.
Kapoor T, Mahadeshwar P, Hui-Yuen J, et al. Prevalence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in adults and children with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus Science & Medicine 2020;7:e000388. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2020-000388
Katz R. Polyarthritis in systemic lupus erythematosus treated with infliximab. Rush University Medical Center. Retrieved September 4, 2011.
Kendall EC. The development of cortisone as a therapeutic agent [Nobel lecture]. Les Prix Nobel. December 1951.
Mariette X, Matucci-Cerinic M, Pavelka K, Taylor P, van Vollenhoven R, Heatley R, et al. Malignancies associated with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors in registries and prospective observational studies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. September 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2011
Md Yusof MY, Vital EM, McElvenny DM, Hensor EMA, Das S, Dass S, Rawstron AC, Buch MH, Emery P, Savic S. Predicting Severe Infection and Effects of Hypogammaglobulinemia During Therapy With Rituximab in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2019 Nov;71(11):1812-1823. doi: 10.1002/art.40937. Epub 2019 Sep 26. PMID: 31131994.
Molloy ES, Calabrese LH. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: a national estimate of frequency in systemic lupus erythematosus and other rheumatoid diseases. Arthritis & Rheumatism. December 2009;60(12):3761–3765.
Molloy ES, Calabrese LH. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in patients with rheumatic disease: are patients with systemic lupus erythematosus at particular risk? Autoimmunity Review December 2008;8(2):144–146.
Newswire Canada. Celltrion Healthcare receives Health Canada marketing authorization for world’s first subcutaneous formulation of infliximab, Remsima™ SC, for the treatment of people with rheumatoid arthritis. Retrieved 2/16/21 from https:///www.newswire.ca/news-releases/celltrion-healthcare-receives-health-canada-marketing-authorization-for-world-s-first-subcutaneous-formulation-of-infliximab-remsima-tm-sc-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-831511546.html
Østensen M, Förger F. Management of RA medications in pregnant patients. Nature Reviews Rheumatology. July 2009;5:382–390.
Pinto LF, Velásquez CJ, Prieto C, Mestra L, Forero E, Márquez JD. Rituximab induces a rapid and sustained remission in Colombian patients with severe and refractory systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus. 2011;20:1219–1226.
Pongtarakulpanit N, Pisitkun P, Ngamjanyaporn P. Efficacy and safety of rituximab biosimilar in refractory lupus. Lupus Science & Medicine 2020;7:e000442. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2020-000442
Raaschou P, Simard JF, Neovius M, Askling J. Does cancer that occurs during or after antitumor necrosis factor therapy have a worse prognosis? Arthritis & Rheumatism. July 2011;63(7):1812–1822.
Ramos-Casals M, Soto MJ, Cuadrado MJ, Khamashta MA. Rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review of off-label use in 188 cases. Lupus. 2009;18:767–776.
Sawsen JH, Uppal SS, Narayanan Nampoory MR, Johny KV, Gupta R, Al-Oun M. Safety and efficacy of infliximab in a patient with active WHO class IV lupus nephritis [Case report]. Clinical Rheumatology. 2007;26(6):973–975.
Shannon E, Daffy J, Jones H, Paulson A, Vicik SM. Etanercept (Enbrel®) alternative storage at ambient temperature. Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Jul 21;9:87-99. doi: 10.2147/CPAA.S131832. PMID: 28790869; PMCID: PMC5531722.
Smolen JS. Slide presentation and abstract. Blocking proinflammatory cytokines in lupus. Poster session at the 7th International Congress on SLE and Related Conditions, May 9–13, 2004, New York, NY.
Solomon DH, Mercer E, Kavanaugh A. Observational studies on the risk of cancer associated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis: a review of their methodologies and results. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 2012;64(1):21–32.
Thompson AE, Rieder SW, Pope JE. Tumor necrosis factor therapy and the risk of serious infection and malignancy in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arthritis & Rheumatism. June 2011;63(6):1479–1485. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
Wang X, Yan J, Wang L, Pan D, Xu Y, Wang F, Sheng J, Li X, Yang M. Oral delivery of anti-TNF antibody shielded by natural polyphenol-mediated supramolecular assembly for inflammatory bowel disease therapy. Theranostics. 2020 Aug 29;10(23):10808-10822. doi: 10.7150/thno.47601. PMID: 32929381; PMCID: PMC7482796.​
Ward MM, Dasgupta A. Pre-operative withholding of infliximab and the risk of infections after major surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2020 Dec 1;59(12):3917-3926. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/keaa291. PMID: 32710102; PMCID: PMC7733718.
< span style=”color:rgb(129, 129, 129)”>Weckerle CE, Mangale D, Franek BS, Kelly JA, Kumabe M, et al. Large-scale analysis of tumor necrosis factor α levels in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism. September 2012;64(9):2947–2952.
Wolfe F, Michaud K. Biologic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of malignancy: analyses from a large US observational study. Arthritis & Rheumatism.
2007;56(9):2886–2895.
Yang BB, Xiao H, Li XJ, Zheng M. Safety and efficacy of etanercept-methotrexate combination therapy in patients with rhupus: an observational study of non-glucocorticoid treatment for rheumatic diseases. Discov Med. 2018 Jan;25(135):14-20. PMID: 29466690.
Zhu L-J, Yang X, Yu X-Q. Anti-TNF-α therapies in systemic lupus erythematosus [Review article]. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. Vol. 2010, Article ID 465898, 8 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/465898. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from www.hindawi.com/journals/jbb/2010/465898/cta/.

Chapter 34

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Gatto M, Saccon F, Zen M, Regola F, Fredi M, Andreoli L, Tincani A, Urban ML, Emmi G, Ceccarelli F, Conti F, Bortoluzzi A, Govoni M, Tani C, Mosca M, Ubiali T, Gerosa M, Bozzolo E, Canti V, Cardinaletti P, Gabrielli A, Tanti G, Gremese E, De Marchi G, De Vita S, Fasano S, Ciccia F, Pazzola G, Salvarani C, Negrini S, Puppo F, Di Matteo A, De Angelis R, Orsolini G, Rossini M, Faggioli P, Laria A, Piga M, Mathieu A, Scarpato S, Rossi FW, de Paulis A, Brunetta E, Ceribelli A, Selmi C, Prete M, Racanelli V, Vacca A, Bartoloni E, Gerli R, Larosa M, Iaccarino L, Doria A. Early
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Chapter 39

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Li T, Carls GS, Panopalis P, Wang S, Gibson TB, Goetzel RZ. Long-term medical costs and resource utilization in systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis: a five-year analysis of a large Medicaid population. Arthritis & Rheumatism. June 2009;61(6):755–763.
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Chapter 44

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